Romania had a very large intelligentsia relative to its share of the population with 2. Even before the Great Depression, Fare Thee Well, Annabelle - The Dave Brubeck Quartet - Jazz: Red Hot And Cool universities were turning out far more graduates than there were jobs for, and a mood of rage, desperation and frustration prevailed on Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros as it was apparent to most Romanian students that the middle class jobs that they were hoping for after graduation did not exist.
In interwar Romania, Jews played much the Forever Young - Cornerstone - Human Stain role as Greeks and Armenians did in the Ottoman Empire and the ethnic Chinese minorities do in modern Malaysia and Indonesia, namely a commercially successful minority much resented for their success. The Legion's call to end the "Jewish colonization" of Romania by expelling all the Jews, whom the Legion claimed were all illegal immigrants from Poland, and confiscate their assets so that Christian Romanians could rise up to the middle class, was very attractive to many university students.
Codreanu's call for a Romania without individualism, where all Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Geoffrey Parsons* - Liederabend would be spiritually united together as one, greatly appealed to the young people who believed that when Codreanu created his "new man" omul nouit would be the moment that a utopian society would come into existence. Ionesco felt that the way Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros which so many of his generation, especially university students, had abandoned the French Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros about universal human rights in favor of the death cult of the Legion, was a "betrayal" both personally and in a wider political sense of the sort of society Romania should be.
It is true. And of the second hand left, which had been a radical socialist Maybe I should had belonged to the left for a while, maybe I should have been of the left before being-not of the right-of the non-left, an enemy of the left. But at a certain moment, the left was no longer the left, at a certain moment the left become a right of horror, a right of terror and that's what I was denouncing, the terror.
Likewise, once a character repeats a platitudinous expression such as "It's never too late! In the first act, the character of the logician Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros "I am going to explain to you what a syllogism is The syllogism consists of a main proposition, a secondary one and a conclusion". The logician gives the example of: "The cat has four paws.
Isidore and Fricot have four paws. Therefore, Isidore and Fricot are cats". Quinney sums up the logician's thinking as: "The logic of this reasoning would allow any conclusion to be true based on two premises, the first of which contains the term that is the predicate of the conclusion and the second of which contains the term that is the subject of the conclusion".
Based on this way of thinking as taught by the logician, the character of the old man is able to conclude that his dog is in fact a cat, leading him to proclaim: "Logic is a very beautiful thing", to which Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros logician replies as "As long as it is not absurd".
It is at this moment that the first rhinoceros appears. One of the leading Romanian intellectuals in the s who joined the Iron Guard was Emil Cioran who in Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros in Paris a Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros entitled Syllogismes d'amertume.
After Cioran joined the Legion inhe severed his friendship with Ionesco, an experience that very much hurt the latter. The character of the logician with his obsession with syllogisms and a world of pure reason divorced from emotion is a caricature of Cioran, a man who claimed that "logic" demanded that Romania have no Jews. In the first act of the Eralash - Various - Кафе Клуб Китайский Лётчик Джао Да, the characters spend much time debating whether the rhinoceroses that have mysteriously appeared in France are African or Asian rhinoceroses, and which of the two types were superior to the other - a debate that Ionesco meant to be a satire on racism.
Regardless of whether the rhinoceros are African or Asian, the French characters comfortably assume their superiority to the rhinoceros; ironically the same people all become rhinoceroses themselves. You are an Asiatic Mongol! Ionesco intended the character of Jean, an ambitious functionary whose careerism robs him of the ability to think critically, to be a satirical portrayal of the French civil servants who served the Vichy government.
At various points in the play, Jean shouts out such lines as "We need to go beyond moral standards! Morality against Nature! Lines such as these show that Ionesco also created the character of Jean as a satire of the Iron Guard, which attacked all the humanist values of the modern West as "Jewish inventions" designed to destroy Romania, and claimed that there was a "natural law" in which "true" Romanians would discover their "primal energy" as the purest segment of the "Latin race" and Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros their superiority over the "lower races".
Notably, the more Jean rants about "natural laws" trumping all, the more he transforms into a rhinoceros. The reference to "Turanian barbarians" was to both the Turks Tales Of Lucy Blue - The Bob Seger System* - Ramblin Gamblin Man the Magyars who both "Turanian" peoples from Asia.
This tradition of seeing Romania as a bastion of Latinism threatened by enemies everywhere culminated in the s where the Iron Guard argued there were "natural laws" that determined Romania's struggle for existence, which allowed the Legion to justify any act of violence no matter how amoral as necessary because of the "natural laws". Ionesco parodied Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros Legion's talk of "natural laws" and "primeval values" by putting dialogue that closely resembled the Legion's rhetoric into Jean as he transforms into a green rhinoceros.
At the same time, Ionesco also attacked in Rhinoceros the French intelligentsiaa disproportionate number of whom were proud Judgment Day - Armoros - Apparitions - An Ode to Thrash of the French Communist Party in the s.
Ionesco satirized French Communist intellectuals with the character of Botard, who is clearly the most left-wing character in the play. Botard professes himself to be the champion of progressive values, saying about the debate in regards to the debate over the superiority of African vs. Asian rhinoceros that: "The color bar is something I feel strongly about, I hate it! But at the same time, Botard shows himself to be rigid, small-minded and petty in his thinking, using Marxist slogans in place of intelligent thought.
Most notably, Botard is unable to accept the fact of rhinoceritis despite overwhelming evidence of its existence. For an example, Botard dismisses rhinoceritis as: "An example of collective psychosis, Mr. Just like religion-the opiate of the people! Despite seeing the rhinoceroses with his own eyes, Botard convinces himself that rhinoceritis is all a gigantic capitalist plot, dismissing rhinoceritis as an "infamous plot" and "propaganda".
Ionesco created the character of Botard as a caricature of French Communist intellectuals who managed to ignore overwhelming evidence of Stalin's terror and proclaimed the Soviet Union to be the "Worker's Paradise, Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros any evidence to the contrary as mere anti-Soviet propaganda. A further attack on Communism was provided by the character of the pipe-smoking intellectual Dudard.
Ionesco stated in an interview that: "Dudard is Sartre". Ionesco disliked Jean-Paul Sartre - France's most famous intellectual in the s - for the way in which he sought to justify Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros murderous violence as necessary for the betterment of humanity as a betrayal of everything that a French intellectual should be, and intended the character of Dudard who always finds excuses for the rhinoceros as a caricature of Sartre who always found excuses for Stalin.
Ionesco also intended Rhinoceros as a satire of French behavior under the German occupation of The green skin of the rhinoceros recalled not only the green uniforms of the Iron Guard, but also the green uniforms of the Ordnungspolizei who enforced German power in France during the occupation.
During the Occupation, the French applied nicknames to the Germans that often used the word vertcalling the Germans haricots verts green beanssauterelles verts green locustsand race verte green race. In France during the occupation, the color green was indelibly associated Love Bug Crawl - Various - I Want A Rock & Roll Guitar the Germans.
For the French people, the defeat of June came as a very profound shock, something that they could never imagine would actually happen. The experience of the Occupation was a deeply psychologically disorienting one for the French as what was once familiar and safe become strange and threatening.
The British historian Ian Ousby wrote:. The scenes look not just unreal, but almost deliberately surreal, as if the unexpected conjunction of Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros and Nouvelle Vague Conformist Like Your Parents - Asilo, Tzara - Split, French and German, was the result of a Dada prank and not the sober record of history.
This shock is merely a distant echo of what the French underwent in seeing a familiar landscape transformed by the addition Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros the unfamiliar, living among everyday sights suddenly made bizarre, no longer feeling at home in places they had known all their lives. Ousby wrote that by the end of summer of "And so the alien presence, increasingly hated and feared in private, could seem so permanent that, in the public places where daily life went on, it was taken for granted".
Afterwards, many of the French learned to accept the changes imposed by the German occupation, coming to the conclusion that Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros was Europe's dominant power and the best that could be done was to submit and bow Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros before the might of the Reich.
Many historians argued that such activities like writing for an underground newspaper, sheltering Jews and Allied servicemen, providing intelligence to the Allies or sabotaging the railroads and factories counts as resistance.
Members of the rhinoceros family are some of the largest remaining megafaunawith all species able to reach or exceed one tonne in weight. They generally eat leafy material, although their ability to ferment food in their hindgut allows them to subsist on more fibrous plant matter when necessary. Unlike other Postens Misslyckande - Maskin - Ögon Tänder Naglar Talarthe two African species of rhinoceros lack teeth at the front of their mouths, relying instead on their lips to pluck food.
Rhinoceros are killed by some humans for their hornswhich are bought and sold on the black marketand used by some cultures for ornaments or traditional medicine. East Asia, specifically Vietnamis the largest market for rhino horns. By weight, rhino horns cost as much as gold on the black market. People grind up the horns and consume them, believing the dust has therapeutic properties. Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. The plural in English is rhinoceros or rhinoceroses.
The collective noun for a group of rhinoceroses is crash or herd. The name has been in use since the 14th century. The family Rhinocerotidae consists of only four extant genera: Ceratotherium White rhinocerosDiceros Black rhinocerosDicerorhinus Sumatran rhinocerosand Rhinoceros Indian and Javan rhinoceros. The living species fall into three categories. The two African species, the white rhinoceros and the black rhinocerosbelong to the tribe Dicerotini, which originated in the middle Mioceneabout The species diverged during the early Pliocene about 5 million years ago.
The main difference between black and white rhinos is the shape of their mouths — white rhinos have broad flat lips for grazing, whereas black rhinos have long pointed lips for eating foliage.
There are two living Rhinocerotini species, the Indian rhinoceros and the Javan rhinoceroswhich diverged from one another about 10 million years ago. The Sumatran rhinoceros is the only surviving representative of the most primitive group, the Dicerorhinini, which emerged in Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros Miocene about 20 million years ago. A subspecific hybrid white rhino Ceratotherium s. Interspecific hybridisation of black and white rhinoceros has also been confirmed.
While the black rhinoceros has 84 chromosomes diploid number, 2N, per cellall other rhinoceros species have 82 chromosomes. However, chromosomal polymorphism might lead to varying chromosome counts. For instance, in a study there were three northern white rhinoceroses with 81 chromosomes.
There are two subspecies of white rhinoceros: the southern white rhinoceros Ceratotherium simum simum and the northern white rhinoceros Ceratotherium simum cottoni.
As ofthe southern subspecies has a wild population of 20, — making them the most abundant rhino subspecies Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros the world. However, the northern subspecies is critically endangered, with all that is known to remain being two captive females. There is no conclusive explanation of the name "white rhinoceros". A popular idea that "white" is a distortion of either the Afrikaans word wyd or the Dutch word wijd or its other possible spellings whydeweitetc.
The white rhino has an immense body and large head, a short neck and broad chest. The head-and-body length is 3. On its snout it has two horns. The white rhinoceros also has a prominent muscular hump that supports its relatively large head.
The colour of this animal can range from yellowish brown to slate grey. Most of its body hair is found on the ear fringes and tail bristles, with the rest distributed rather sparsely over the rest of the body. White rhinos have the distinctive flat broad mouth that is used for grazing. The name "black rhinoceros" Diceros bicornis was chosen to distinguish this species from the white rhinoceros Ceratotherium simum.
This can be confusing, as the two species are not truly distinguishable by color. There are four subspecies of black rhino: South-central Diceros bicornis minorthe most numerous, which once ranged from central Tanzania south through ZambiaZimbabwe and Mozambique to northern Delta - Various - The Cool Beans!
Texas Issue Companion CD eastern South Africa ; South-western Diceros bicornis occidentalis which are better adapted to the arid and semi-arid savannas of Namibiasouthern Angolawestern Botswana and western South Africa; East African Diceros bicornis michaeliprimarily in Tanzania ; and West African Diceros bicornis longipes which was declared extinct in November An adult black rhinoceros stands 1. Sometimes, a third smaller horn may develop. During the latter half of the 20th century, their numbers were severely reduced from an estimated 70,  in the late s to a record low of 2, in Since then, numbers have been steadily increasing at a continental level with numbers doubling to 4, by the end of Its thick, silver-brown Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros folds into the shoulder, back, and rump, giving it an armored appearance.
Its upper legs and shoulders are covered in wart -like bumps, and it has very little body hair. Shoulder height is 1. Indian rhinos once inhabited many areas ranging from Pakistan to Myanmar and maybe even parts of China. However, because of human influence, they now exist in only several protected areas of India in AssamWest Bengaland a few pairs in Uttar Pradesh and Nepalplus a pair in Eko Ile - Fela Ransome-Kuti* & The Africa 70* - Afrodisiac Suhanra National Park in Pakistan reintroduced there from Nepal.
They are confined to the tall grasslands and forests in the foothills of the Himalayas. Two-thirds of the world's Indian rhinoceroses are now confined to the Kaziranga National Park situated in the Golaghat district of AssamIndia. The Javan rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus is one of the most endangered large mammals in the world.
It is also the least known rhino species. Like the closely related, and larger, Indian rhinocerosthe Javan rhino has a single horn. Its hairless, hazy gray skin falls into folds into the shoulder, back, and rump, giving it an armored appearance.
Its length reaches 3. Though once widespread throughout Asia, by the s they were nearly hunted to extinction in NepalIndiaBurmaPeninsular Malaysiaand Sumatra for the supposed medical powers of their horns and blood. The last known Javan rhino in Vietnam was reportedly killed for its horn in by Vietnamese poachers. Now only Java contains the last Javan rhinos. The Sumatran rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros the most hair.
It can be found at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. Due to habitat loss and poachingtheir numbers have declined and it has become the most threatened rhinoceros. About Sumatran rhinos are believed to remain. There are three subspecies of Sumatran rhinoceros: the Sumatran Head Over Heels - The Cute Lepers - Head Over Heels proper Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensisthe Bornean rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis harrissoni and the possibly extinct Northern Sumatran rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis.
A mature rhino typically stands about 1. Like the African species, it has two horns; the larger is the front 25—79 centimetres 9. Males have much larger horns than the females. Hair can range from dense the densest hair in young calves to sparse. The color of these rhinos is reddish brown. The body is Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros and has stubby legs. The lip is prehensile. Sumatran rhinoceros are on the verge of extinction due to loss of habitat and illegal hunting.
Once they were spread across South-east Asia, but now they are confined to several parts of Indonesia and Malaysia due to reproductive isolation. There were D. It has been found through DNA comparison that the Sumatran rhinoceros is the most ancient extant rhinoceros and related to the extinct Off The International Radar - Hot Lips woolly rhino species, Coelodonta. In Alan Rabinowitz publicly denounced governments, NGOs, and other institutions for lacking in their attempts to conserve the Sumatran rhinoceros.
To conserve it, they would have to relocate them from small forests to breeding programs that could monitor their breeding success. To boost reproduction, the Malaysian and Indonesian governments could also agree to exchange the gametes of the Sumatran and smaller Bornean subspecies. The Indonesian and Malaysian governments have also proposed a single management unit for these two ancient subspecies.
Plantations for palm oil have taken out the living areas and led to the eradication of the rhino in Sumatra. Rhinocerotoids diverged from other perissodactyls by the early Eocene. Fossils of Hyrachyus eximus found in North America date to this period. This small hornless ancestor resembled a tapir or small horse more than a rhino.
Three families, sometimes grouped together as the superfamily Rhinocerotoideaevolved in the late Eocene, namely the Hyracodontidae, Amynodontidae and Rhinocerotidae. Hyracodontidaealso known as "running rhinos", showed adaptations for speed, and would have looked more like horses than modern rhinos. The smallest hyracodontids were dog-sized; the largest was Paraceratheriumone of the largest known land mammals that ever existed.
The hornless Paraceratherium was almost seven metres high, ten metres long, and weighed as much as 15 tons. Like a giraffeit ate leaves from trees. Hyracodontids spread across Eurasia from the mid-Eocene to early Miocene. The Amynodontidae, also known as "aquatic rhinos", dispersed across North America and Eurasiafrom the late Eocene to early Oligocene. The amynodontids were hippopotamus -like in their ecology and appearance, inhabiting rivers and lakes, and sharing many of the same adaptations to aquatic Same Old Way - Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros as hippos.
The family of all modern rhinoceros, the Rhinocerotidae, first appeared in the Late Eocene in Eurasia. The earliest members of Rhinocerotidae were small and numerous; at least 26 genera lived in Eurasia and North America until a wave of extinctions in the middle Oligocene wiped out most of the smaller species.
However, several independent lineages survived. Menocerasa pig-sized rhinoceros, had two horns side-by-side. At this time, the band was being managed by Sid Bernstein and Billy Fields. Fields made a disastrous decision for the band when he declined an invitation to appear at Woodstock in favor of sending Rhinoceros to play the Boston Tea Party. Unhappy with the Woodstock decision, Gerber left the band. Mundi left not long after, and the band brought in Eddie "Duke" Edwards.
Rhinoceros headed to New York to perform and record in John stepped in to take over for Edwards. By the end of the year, Malcolm Tomlinson took over on drums for the departing Crooks. Performances followed in Canada, but before was halfway over, the band called it quits.
Hodgson, Weis, Finley, Leishman, and Fonfara reunited early in as Blackstone Rangers, a band that evolved into simply Blackstone and disbanded in Apple Music Preview. Sign Out. Sign In. Try It Now. Rhinoceros View on Apple Music. Top Songs See All. Apricot Brandy LP Version. Rhinoceros
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